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Spring Security登陆流程讲解

发布时间:2021-11-4 16:00 作者:Java Gosling

本文主要介绍了Spring Security登陆流程讲解,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

在Spring Security中,认证授权都是通过过滤器来实现的。

当开始登陆的时候,有一个关键的过滤器UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter,该类继承抽象类AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter,在AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter里有一个doFilter方法,一切先从这里说起。

private void doFilter(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, FilterChain chain)
      throws IOException, ServletException {
   if (!requiresAuthentication(request, response)) {
      chain.doFilter(request, response);
      return;
   }
   try {
      Authentication authenticationResult = attemptAuthentication(request, response);
      if (authenticationResult == null) {
         // return immediately as subclass has indicated that it hasn't completed
         return;
      }
      this.sessionStrategy.onAuthentication(authenticationResult, request, response);
      // Authentication success
      if (this.continueChainBeforeSuccessfulAuthentication) {
         chain.doFilter(request, response);
      }
      successfulAuthentication(request, response, chain, authenticationResult);
   }
   catch (InternalAuthenticationServiceException failed) {
      this.logger.error("An internal error occurred while trying to authenticate the user.", failed);
      unsuccessfulAuthentication(request, response, failed);
   }
   catch (AuthenticationException ex) {
      // Authentication failed
      unsuccessfulAuthentication(request, response, ex);
   }
}

首先requiresAuthentication先判断是否尝试校验,通过后调用attemptAuthentication方法,这个方法也就是UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter 中的attemptAuthentication方法。

public Authentication attemptAuthentication(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws AuthenticationException {
   if (this.postOnly && !request.getMethod().equals("POST")) {
      throw new AuthenticationServiceException("Authentication method not supported: " + request.getMethod());
   }
   String username = obtainUsername(request);
   username = (username != null) ? username : "";
   username = username.trim();
   String password = obtainPassword(request);
   password = (password != null) ? password : "";
   UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken authRequest = new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(username, password);
   // Allow subclasses to set the "details" property
   setDetails(request, authRequest);
   return this.getAuthenticationManager().authenticate(authRequest);
}

1.在UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter 的attemptAuthentication方法中,先是验证请求的类型,是否是POST请求,如果不是的话,抛出异常。(PS:登陆肯定要用POST方法了)
2.然后拿到username和password。这里使用的是obtainUsername方法,也就是get方法。

@Nullable
protected String obtainPassword(HttpServletRequest request) {
   return request.getParameter(this.passwordParameter);
}

@Nullable
protected String obtainUsername(HttpServletRequest request) {
   return request.getParameter(this.usernameParameter);
}

由此我们知道了Spring Security中是通过get方法来拿到参数,所以在进行前后端分离的时候是无法接受JSON数据,处理方法就是自定义一个Filter来继承UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter,重写attemptAuthentication方法,然后创建一个Filter实例写好登陆成功和失败的逻辑处理,在HttpSecurity参数的configure中通过addFilterAt来替换Spring Security官方提供的过滤器。
3.创建一个UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken 实例。
4.设置Details,在这里关键的是在WebAuthenticationDetails类中记录了用户的remoteAddress和sessionId。

public WebAuthenticationDetails(HttpServletRequest request) {
   this.remoteAddress = request.getRemoteAddr();
   HttpSession session = request.getSession(false);
   this.sessionId = (session != null) ? session.getId() : null;
}

5.拿到一个AuthenticationManager通过authenticate方法进行校验,这里以实现类ProviderManager为例。

@Override
public Authentication authenticate(Authentication authentication) throws AuthenticationException {
   //获取Authentication的运行时类
   Class<? extends Authentication> toTest = authentication.getClass();
   AuthenticationException lastException = null;
   AuthenticationException parentException = null;
   Authentication result = null;
   Authentication parentResult = null;
   int currentPosition = 0;
   int size = this.providers.size();
   
   for (AuthenticationProvider provider : getProviders()) {
       //判断是否支持处理该类别的provider
      if (!provider.supports(toTest)) {
         continue;
      }
      if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
         logger.trace(LogMessage.format("Authenticating request with %s (%d/%d)",
               provider.getClass().getSimpleName(), ++currentPosition, size));
      }
      try {
          //获取用户的信息
         result = provider.authenticate(authentication);
         if (result != null) {
            copyDetails(authentication, result);
            break;
         }
      }
      catch (AccountStatusException | InternalAuthenticationServiceException ex) {
         prepareException(ex, authentication);
         // SEC-546: Avoid polling additional providers if auth failure is due to
         // invalid account status
         throw ex;
      }
      catch (AuthenticationException ex) {
         lastException = ex;
      }
   }
   //不支持的话跳出循环再次执行
   if (result == null && this.parent != null) {
      // Allow the parent to try.
      try {
         parentResult = this.parent.authenticate(authentication);
         result = parentResult;
      }
      catch (ProviderNotFoundException ex) {
         // ignore as we will throw below if no other exception occurred prior to
         // calling parent and the parent
         // may throw ProviderNotFound even though a provider in the child already
         // handled the request
      }
      catch (AuthenticationException ex) {
         parentException = ex;
         lastException = ex;
      }
   }
   if (result != null) {
       //擦除用户的凭证 也就是密码
      if (this.eraseCredentialsAfterAuthentication && (result instanceof CredentialsContainer)) {
         // Authentication is complete. Remove credentials and other secret data
         // from authentication
         ((CredentialsContainer) result).eraseCredentials();
      }
      // If the parent AuthenticationManager was attempted and successful then it
      // will publish an AuthenticationSuccessEvent
      // This check prevents a duplicate AuthenticationSuccessEvent if the parent
      // AuthenticationManager already published it
      if (parentResult == null) {
          //公示登陆成功
         this.eventPublisher.publishAuthenticationSuccess(result);
      }

      return result;
   }

   // Parent was null, or didn't authenticate (or throw an exception).
   if (lastException == null) {
      lastException = new ProviderNotFoundException(this.messages.getMessage("ProviderManager.providerNotFound",
            new Object[] { toTest.getName() }, "No AuthenticationProvider found for {0}"));
   }
   // If the parent AuthenticationManager was attempted and failed then it will
   // publish an AbstractAuthenticationFailureEvent
   // This check prevents a duplicate AbstractAuthenticationFailureEvent if the
   // parent AuthenticationManager already published it
   if (parentException == null) {
      prepareException(lastException, authentication);
   }
   throw lastException;
}

 6.经过一系列校验,此时登陆校验基本完成,当验证通过后会执行doFilter中的successfulAuthentication方法,跳转到我们设置的登陆成功界面,验证失败会执行unsuccessfulAuthentication方法,跳转到我们设置的登陆失败界面。

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原文出处:https://blog.csdn.net/MAKEJAVAMAN/article/details/121021287

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